In Morocco we can drink cloud water
Host of COP22, the country multiplies projects to fight global warming.
At a time when Morocco is experiencing decreases in precipitation, this local association “Dar Si Hmad” has the miracle solution to distribute blue gold to villages that lack it.
In the mountainous areas of Sidi Ifni (southern Morocco), rains are rare. But a thick coat of mist covers more than nine months a year the peaks at 700 m altitude. “For years, villagers have wondered how to turn this moisture into water,” says Salah of the association. They called it Anzar Imoutne: dead water in Arabic. “Drawing on Canadian experiences, Dar Si Hmad has decided to develop large polyethylene nets to recover water. Placed at the summit of the mountains, these large canvases trap the water from the cloud, direct it to a gutter, then to a large reservoir. The liquid is mixed with groundwater (30%) to enrich it with minerals. It is then treated and redistributed from a cistern to the inhabitants. 6 300 liters of water are harvested each day.
“We were able to provide water to five villages, or 400 homes. And as pipes have been built, the villagers now have running water in their homes, rejoices Salah. Before, they had to walk three hours to find a well. “The association continues its deployment. In January, it is preparing to expand 1,700 m 2 of nets to catch 37,400 liters per day: “We can feed eight additional villages and, with the surplus, consider irrigation to create agriculture,” continues Salah.
The association will shortly be awarded the UN’s Elan Prize for Climate Change, within the framework of COP22.
Such renewable energy projects are multiplying in Morocco. The host of the COP22 is preparing to complete a gigantic solar complex in the desert zones of Ouarzazate. It also commissioned, in 2014, the largest wind farm in Africa, in Tarfaya, taking advantage of the winds blowing from the Atlantic. And plans to create at least five other sites across the country. Because the objective is ambitious: to achieve by 2030 to 52% renewable in its power plant and reduce its dependence. Today, 95% of Morocco’s energy needs are covered by imports of fossil fuels.